Strabismus vision therapy is one of the treatment alternatives that people who have strabismus can take, particularly those who are born with it. It is a program that utilizes visual activities that can remedy vision problems and enhance visual skills.
The objective of strabismus vision therapy is not only to compensate for vision issues like the function of corrective glasses and lenses, but it also aims to train the who visual system, including the eyes and the brain, to fix itself. Hence, strabismus vision therapy is recommended to patients before and after an eye surgery.
People with strabismus will have problems in their binocular vision as their misaligned eyes make them unable to effectively use them simultaneously.
There are times when eyeglasses, contact lenses, and also surgery is not an effective method of reacquiring binocular vision and this is where strabismus vision therapy can be of great use.
Strabismus vision therapy utilizes a lot of devices in order to achieve its goal and some of them are computerized visual activities, non-computerized viewing instruments, filters, prisms, and lenses. It may also use other non-medical things such as metronomes, balance boards, balls, and other devices in the personalized therapy program.
Strabismus vision therapy can be also called as visual therapy, vision training, visual training, orthoptics, or simply VT. They are generally supervised by optometrists, There are also optometrists whose specializations are children’s vision and vision development, and they are also called developmental optometrists, pediatric optometrists, or behavioral optometrists.
The idea behind strabismus vision therapy can be elaborated by the concept of neuroplasticity. It refers to the ability of the human brain to modify its structure and function as a response to an external stimulus.
The newest studies have found that these neurological modifications can also be achieved among adults and not just children. Taking these into consideration, strabismus vision therapy can help correct conditions that are associated with vision development, visual perception and vision function.
Besides strabismus, the other vision problems that can be corrected with vision therapy are eye movement disorders, amblyopia, focusing disorders, vision problems resulting form developmental disabilities, vision problems resulting from acquired brain injury like stroke, and visual-perceptual disorders.