Hypothyroidism is a condition wherein the thyroid glands makes not enough level of thyroid hormones, namely thyroxin and triiodothyronines. Thyroid hormones are very essential as they perform on virtually every cell in the body, specifically for metabolism requirements.
Therefore folks who have hypothyroidism are apt to have a decreased process in the numerous systems of the body. A few of the symptoms of hypothyroidism are osteoporosis, fatigue, decreased sweating, increased sensitivity to cold, carpal tunnel syndrome, goiter, muscle cramps, low heart rate (bradycardia), depression , and much more.
Hypothyroidism can be brought on by iodine deficiency or contact with Iodine-131, a radioactive isotope of iodine that damages the thyroid. It can also be due to the genetic autoimmune disease Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, where the body’s immune system attacks the thyroid gland.
Another cause is lymphocytic thyroiditis, an inflammation of the thyroid gland that triggers an overproduction of thyroid hormones, accompanied by a period of hypothyroidism. Furthermore, drugs for hyperthyroidism may also lead to an under active thyroid.
There are also various kinds of hypothyroidism. At times the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus is not capable of inducing the thyroid gland to make adequate thyroid hormones despite the fact that the thyroid gland itself is normal. This disorder is known as secondary hypothyroidism and tertiary hypothyroidism, respectively.
Meanwhile, subclinical hypothyroidism refers to the condition where there is a decreased serum TSH levels, indicating hypothyroidism, but have normal levels of thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormone deficiency can also occur during birth which is called congenital hypothyroidism. When left unattended, this may lead to growth failure and mental retardation. Hypothyroidism is also a typical ailment among domestic dogs.
The treatment method for this disease is a long term treatment of synthetic levothyroxine (T4). It is taken in once a day dosage, although it usually requires larger doses for kids. People who have a history of heart problems and even those who are thought of being at high risk usually are not recommended for this medication as it can worsen their heart problem.
The medication should be frequently checked if the correct quantity of thyroid is taken. Excessive thyroid treatment can be quite dangerous as it could cause heart palpitations, increased blood pressure, and can contribute to osteoporosis.