Hypothyroidism is a medical problem that’s indicated by limited production of thyroid hormones by the thyroid glands. Even though iodine deficiency may cause this condition, much of the time it’s a consequence of an underlying ailment.
Majority of them are autoimmune conditions, where the immune system assaults the person’s own areas of the body, and in the case of hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism is definitely a considerable health concern since it includes other systems of the body. Here are a few of the diseases which are often related to hypothyroidism.
Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease that is characterized by hyperthyroidism, the contrary disorder of hypothyroidism, in which the thyroid glands generates excessive thyroid hormones. People that have Graves’ disease have a malfunctioning immune system that produces antibodies that act like thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), causing the thyroid gland to create too much.
Treating Graves’ disease entails the use of antithyroid medications, iodine-131 (a radioisotope of iodine), or thyroidectomy, which essentially inhibits or fully gets rid of the thyroid gland. As a result will lead to the hypothyroid condition of those who have Graves’ disease.
Another autoimmune disorder that is related to an under active thyroid is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. It is one among the frequent cause of hypothyroidism in North America. In this ailment, the immune system directly assaults the thyroid gland, confusing it as a foreign body and causing its destruction.
In this case, antibodies like leukocytes interrupt thyroid peroxidase, thyroglobulin, and TSH receptors. This will lead to the swelling and subsequently, the devastation of the thyroid gland thus developing the hypothyroid disorder. It is also believed that this ailment is hereditary.
Another autoimmune disease that is also associated together with hypothyroidism is Addison’s disease. Addison’s disease is an endocrine problem wherein the adrenal glands produce not enough levels of cortisol and aldosterone. Sometimes, this disorder occurs together with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
This disorder is called Schmidt’s syndrome. Besides the symptoms of Addison’s disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, individuals who have Schmidt’s syndrome can also acquire type 2 diabetes, alopecia, myasthenia gravis, Graves’ disease, pure red cell aplasia, pernicious anemia, immunoglobulin A deficiency, vitiligo, or sarcoidosis.